Automatic Transmission Pros and Cons
In general, cars with automatic transmissions are easier to drive and preferred by some for this reason. Automatic’s still shift gears like a manual, but it is involuntary, so you do not have to focus on controlling several things yourself while driving. It can also be safer because you can keep both hands on the wheel. The automatic vehicle has a clutch, but the clutch pedal and torque converter separate the transmission from the engine automatically.
Some negative aspects to this kind of transmission is that it is not as fuel efficient. That torque converter and the hydraulic pump working together cause the car to lose power and lowers efficiency. These cars also take automatic transmission fluid, which has to be changed more often than a manual. This kind of fluid can deteriorate quicker over time. Another con to automatic’s is that the vehicle may require more repair costs because of the gear box and complexity of the transmissions used while driving.
Manual Transmission Pros and Cons
There are several reasons to drive a manual transmission car, as well as adverse things to consider.Manual vehicles are driven with a clutch pedal and stick shift to change gears yourself. These cars tend to be cheaper in general for repairs because problems are less likely and they are less complex making them easier for mechanics to work on. Manual vehicles also take gear or engine oil, which has to be changed less frequently than its automatic counterpart. Also, these cars are much more fuel efficient because they don’t use as much power while driving.
While manual cars are easier to control, some cons to consider are how much harder they can be to learn to drive at first. When you are driving, you shift gears based on the speed of the vehicle. This is done by depressing the clutch pedal, however, it is disengaging that pedal that can prove to be difficult. If not done correctly, it can make the car jump-start and may even cause it to stall out. It takes time to learn how to drive a manual so that you start out smooth and transition between gears smoothly. Since all of this is required while on the road, you have to take your hand off the wheel and concentrate more on shifting, sometimes proving to be distracting.
Manual vs. Automatic Driving in the Snow
While there are several pros and cons to consider when deciding between an automatic transmission or manual transmission vehicle, there are certain things to consider while driving on snow and ice. With both, you will always want to keep your distance to bring your vehicle to a complete stop avoiding sliding regardless if you are down shifting yourself or simply stepping on the brake. Driving a stick shift can be easier in the snow because you are controlling the gears yourself. With a manual, the car is in more control so ease up on the gas if you are slipping on ice so your wheels can gain traction.
If you are driving on a hill, there are several things to keep in mind. Make sure you are pushing on the brakes as little as possible whether you are going downhill or uphill. When you’re about to drive uphill, speed up so you do not have to hit the gas as much causing the wheels to spin. If going downhill, slow down before the hill so you can coast as much as possible. You want to do your best to drive as smoothly as possible with steering, accelerating, as well as using the brakes as little as you can. With an automatic transmission, an automatic gearbox can help with decelerating just as a manual would do;while declutching.
It’s Not Only Anger
It is a common belief that most aggressive drivers are neurotics with no outlet for their inner rage and of course angry people make a large portion of aggressive drivers. Impatient people in a hurry to get to their destination though can be just as aggressive. Unsafe driving may also be caused by stressed and irritated individuals. Aggression from one driver goads other drivers into aggression and we have a chain reaction to contend with. Your life is much too precious to lose over momentary anger, stress or boredom.
Congestion Breeds Aggression
Every passing year we get more and more new cars on the road. This leads to congestion on the roads and waiting on the crowded roads raises frustration that eventually leads some into aggressive driving.
More and more motorcycles are now on the road and many motorcycle drivers weave in and out of lines at full throttle. In developing countries motorcycle riders are a leading cause of fatalities and things are not much better in developed countries either. Be more alert when motorcycle riders are passing by your vehicle and slow down if feasible to let them overtake you.
A chain reaction
Aggressive drivers start a chain reaction by getting other drivers angry and frustrated. Too many otherwise good drivers become a part of the problem by reacting instinctively into unsafe driving
Around Larger Vehicles
Large vehicles as trucks and buses have larger blind spots and are not always able to see drivers that are following too closely or speeding past them. It also take a lot longer for larger vehicles to come to a stop; and, in a crash, a truck or bus on a car is like a sledge hammer on a tin can. All drivers need to keep a safe distance from larger vehicles. Pickup truck drivers feel more secure but increasingly pickup truck are being made of lighter materials and they are no match for large commercial trucks.
Here are some tips on how to avoid aggressive drivers.
- Get out of their way and steer clear of them on the road.
- Stay relaxed. Remember that reaching your destination safely and calmly is your goal.
- Don’t challenge them. Avoid eye contact. Ignore rude gestures and refuse to return them.
- Give them the benefit of the doubt. Not all aggressive driving behavior is directed at you.
- Don’t block the passing lane, especially if you are driving slower than most of the traffic. Move to the right lane
How to avoid being an aggressive driver
- Allow more travel time to get to your destination. It reduces stress dramatically.
- Come to a full stop at red lights and stop signs. Never run yellow lights.
- Let other drivers merge with you.
- Obey posted speed limits.
- Don’t ever follow other drivers too closely.
- Resist temptation to teach someone “a lesson.”
- Concentrate on driving, not on cell phones, stereo, passengers or other distractions.
- Remember that you can’t control traffic, but you can control yourself, your driving, and your emotions.
A tire blowout is a special kind of flat tire. The side wall has ruptured, leaving a huge tear in your tire that cannot be repaired. While many believe that a blown-out tire is caused in part by over inflation, the true culprit is actually the opposite: tires that are underinflated. It’s not the rubber and steel that makes a tire able to carry the weight of a car and its passengers. It is the air. Without enough air, the components inside the tires flex and heat until it all snaps and a blowout occurs. If the car is carrying a heavy load, then the likelihood of a blowout is compounded. This is why it’s important to regularly check tire pressure. The proper pressure for a car’s tires is listed in the driver’s side door jamb.
Another common way to get a flat tire is by driving on very worn, very old tires. After a while the rubber starts to thin, and a blowout becomes more likely. To see if your tires are too worn, use the penny test. Stick the edge of a penny into your tire’s tread so that Abe Lincoln’s head is hidden by the tread. If you can see the top of Lincoln’s head, then your tires are too worn to drive on. However, if you cannot afford to replace the tire, then try rubbing it with vegetable oil. The oil will moisturize the rubber, allowing it to be more flexible and decrease the chances of a blowout.
When your tire blows out, what you absolutely must not do is apply the brake. Because one of your tires is now effectively useless, the brake will be applied unevenly, causing your vehicle to veer. If you’re driving a van or SUV, then it’s quite possible to flip your car by braking during a blowout.
Instead, you need to press on the accelerator after a blowout. This may seem counterintuitive, but when a tire blows out, your car’s speed may suddenly drop due to the drag caused by the flat tire. You must step on the gas for only a moment, so that any cars behind you won’t be surprised by your sudden drop in speed and ram into you.
After you have quickly pressed on the gas, you’ll notice that your car will want to veer in the direction of the blowout. Keep your car steady, let it lose speed gradually, and only when you are going slower than 30 miles per hour should you steer the vehicle to the side of the road.
Once you have successfully steered your car to the side of the road, you can start thinking about what steps you need to take next. You should always have a spare tire on hand. Now is the time to change out the flat and continue to the nearest service station. However, you need to make sure there is enough room around your car to freely work in.
Don’t try changing the tire if doing so will put you on the road, and in a dangerous situation from oncoming traffic. If you don’t have enough room to change the tire, or if you don’t have a spare, you need to call a tow truck. Depending on where you are, you may decide to have the truck drop off your car at home or at the nearest mechanic.