Your safety while driving depends on several factors but regarding brakes it all depends on equipment: saving few bucks on brake pads isn’t worth!
There’s no need to go to the mechanic to replace your brake pads, you can easily do it yourself.
If it’s the first time you do it allow it some hours, it’s not difficult but it will require some time if you’re not experienced.
Attention: after driving the car brake pads and brake discs are hot.
Avoid any possible risk working in a safe area.
- Make sure your car will not move at all, set the handbrake and park in a plain area.
- Loosen the lug nuts before jacking the car up.
- Jack the car up so you can remove the wheel as if replacing the wheel. (Use two jack stands for your safety)
- Remove the caliper bolts and make it slide away from the disc: brake pads are the black parts that were near the disc surface.
- Remove them from the caliper: there are several kinds of calipers so you have to see how it works in your car but you should easily do it: it’s just a matter of bolts or clips.
- Take the occasion to check brake rotors condition, rotors must be the more smooth possible and must not have any asperities. If it’s damaged you’ll have to get a new one. Discs can also be reconditioned but it’s not recommended.
- Now, with the new thicker pads you need to push the caliper piston back to its original position in order to create enough space for the new pads, you might need an adjustable spanner or a C-Clamp.
- Apply brake pad grease on the part that won’t be in contact with the rotor and put them inside the caliper.
- Reassemble everything as it was and proceed with the other side and the rear axle if your car has four disc brakes.
You’re done, go out for a test and drive slow. Pay attention, the brake pedal might be softer and braking spaces longer. In few days the new pads should reach their final position and any noise should disappear.
Make sure you reassemble everything carefully.
Windshield cracks and blemishes can be troublesome. You can never really guess what is going to happen; they almost always start small and end up spider webbing across the remaining windshield. Some rock blemishes only leave chunk of glass missing. If not treated correctly it can turn into a large crack as well.
Taking care of small chunks or blemishes is the easiest fix for a windshield. There are professional companies that will come out to your vehicle and use a resin mixture to fill the star or crack that is existing. By filling the mark the crack is aesthetically more pleasing, and more importantly the resin prevents the crack from spreading further. This method is great for prolonging the life of your windshield and saving you money up front. However, eventually the windshield will need to be replaced.
If your windshield has a large crack, the best option is to replace the entire windshield instead of attempting a repair kit. Repairs are meant for smaller stars and chunks, but larger cracks are uncontrollable. The most important thing to do is prevent the crack from getting larger. Avoid temperature change. Do not wash your car; the cold water from the hose on a hot or warm windshield causes the crack to spread. Try to leave the car in a protected garage as much as possible to avoid cold or hot weather from expanding the crack.
Once the crack is large enough that you can’t stand it anymore, it is time to replace the entire windshield. This process only takes a couple hours at a local auto glass shop. Better yet are the companies that come to your home of office and replace the windshield on site. Make sure to call the auto glass shop as soon as possible to make sure they have your windshield in stock. They will usually need to order one, but it does not take very long to get it.
Paying for a new windshield can often be a drag, especially if it happens often. After all, most cracked windshields are not the driver’s fault, just bad luck. Many auto glass shops will bill your insurance for you. However, for many drivers this is not the best option. It all depends on your insurance deductible. New windshields can cost anywhere from $300-$700. If your deductible is more than that, it is easiest to just pay for the new windshield out of your pocket. This is also the quickest way to have the issue resolved. However, if your deductible is significantly less than the cost of a new windshield, then let the insurance pay for it, that is if it is included in your policy. Again, this decision is based solely on the cost of your insurance deductible and the convenience of making a claim.
The American Revolution wishes everyone to know that you belong because you are a proud owner of a Chevy Tracker. Fuel efficiency is now a demand all automobile users have been wishing, yet most Americans could not abandon their traditional preference for powerful engines. Dressing your key with a Chevy Tracker Keychain means you have not forgotten the American taste in your car preference, even if Japanese fuel-efficiency has become your primary concern.
The Tracker comes in many names. It was originally marketed under the Geo small cars and SUV product lines by General Motors as the Tracker, and then it was sold by Chevrolet under the same name. Suzuki calls it own version as the Escudo. Asüna and Pontiac sold it as the Sunrunner until 1997. Suzuki named the model as the Sidekick until 1999, when the second generation Tracker came out of the assembly lines. Suzuki called this generation of the Tracker as the Suzuki Grand Vitara, a popular Japanese SUV in the market today. In Mexico, the Tracker is still sold as the Chevrolet Grand Vitara until the last units rolled off in 2004.There are Tracker and Sidekick units manufactured at the Suzuki’s Kosai assembly plant in Japan and in General Motor’s Ingersoll, Ontario plant in Canada.
Compared to other mini-SUVs in the market, which are mostly based on a rugged light-truck chassis, the Tracker is designed with a sturdy four wheel-drive system. It has a strong front suspension equipped with a tough ‘re-circulating ball steering box’. The light truck engine is backed-up by a 5-speed manual or a 4-speed automatic transmission with high and low mode two-wheel/four-wheel drive transfer case. The underpinnings are like a conventional light truck with U-jointed drive shafts connecting the coil-spring front hubs to the differential case. This makes the model a little ‘harsh ride’ but the design’s inherent durability in tough off-road conditions is a great benefit that offsets experiencing a little bumpy ride sometimes.
Eventually, the Tracker’s legacy in terms of durability and performance will give rise to a new concept model in the mini-SUV category. Chevrolet’s brand engineers are loyal patriots of the American Revolution, and they will always remember something important learned from the Japanese. Eventually, the Tracker would trigger a new concept or design that would give rise to a future SUV.
Always keep with you a beautiful Tracker keychain that reminds us of a great Japanese-American affair that gave birth to the Tracker. Available in black round Chrome plate, stone-looking oval metal and genuine leather designs, these key ornaments illustrate the proud Chevy logo and the model name “Tracker” standing out of a shiny black crystallite dome. This is a perfect gift with a very affordable price of $6.99.
Car repairs can be negotiated just like anything else, more so even. Your mechanic or service manager at the dealer, knows for a fact that you are being over charged, that means that all you have to do is ask for a discount. If your mechanic is worth his salt he calls you before he does any work on your car, that is when the negotiation should start. When your mechanic tells you that you need a new “flex capacitor” and it cost around $800, your first reaction should be “Can you give me a better price?”
Or better yet “Can you do it for $700” . You need to make it clear from the very beginning that you want a discount. A ten percent discount is always a good starting point, you are only trying to get a small discount, which is better than nothing. The biggest mistake you can make is to wait until your car repair is finished. At that point he basically is holding your car hostage until you pay him, so that means he is in full control of the negotiation. The very little control we do have is before any work is done, because we still have the ability to say no thanks I’ll take it somewhere else.
Most people want a discount, but most people don’t like negotiating. Let’s face it, it’s not for everybody. The reason car repair is set up for negotiation is because your mechanic or service manager knows that he can give you a discount but he certainly is not going to offer it. You’ll be surprised to see how easy they will give you 10% just for asking. The next time your you need a car repair follow these steps to get a 10% discount::
- Make sure you tell the service manager or mechanic to call you BEFORE he does any work to your car.
- Always ask for an estimate when he tells you what repairs you need.
- What ever amount he says, ask for at least for a 10% discount. It’s much better saying a specific price instead of 10%, so make sure you have your math ready.
Ford explained that no one company or industry would be able to solve the mobility issue alone. And, the effectiveness of any plan would be contingent on customer acceptance of new technologies.
Ford predicted, “If we do nothing, we face the prospect of ‘global gridlock’, a never-ending traffic jam that wastes time, energy and resources and even compromises the flow of commerce and healthcare.” He continued, “The cooperation needed between the automotive and telecommunications industries will be greater than ever as we prepare for and manage the future. We will need to develop new technologies, as well as new ways of looking at the world.”
With the fast-paced increase in in-vehicle technologies, we can see that the telecommunications industry is critical in the creation of an inter-connected transportation system where cars are intelligent and can talk to one another as well as the infrastructure around them. Ford’s suggestion is that now is the time for us to be looking at vehicles on the road the same way we look at smartphones, laptops and tablets; as pieces of a much bigger, richer network.
The company’s “Blueprint for Mobility” will seek solutions for a problem that is already becoming a reality in expanding vehicle markets around the world. In Sao Paulo, traffic jams regularly exceed 100 miles long and the average commute lasts between 2 and 3 hours a day. Despite this, car buying is growing at a rate of 7.5 percent annually. In China, the world’s longest period of gridlock was registered at 11 days.
The problem is not restricted to emerging markets, either. For example, it is estimated that the cost of congestion to the economy in England through lost time will rise to around $35 billion annually by 2025. In Germany, sustaining a town of 300,000 people is estimated to require 1,000 truck deliveries daily.
Solving the issue of urban mobility is a huge challenge that will only be successful if government collaboration, infrastructure development and industry come together globally.
Ford said with the company’s blueprint will set near, mid- and long-term goals for significant reductions in the company’s global environmental footprint.
In the next 5 to 7 years, Ford plans to be at the forefront of developing increasingly intuitive in-car mobile communications options and driver interfaces that proactively alert drivers to traffic jams and accidents. They have already successfully experimented with this technology in England and in Germany.
Another near term plan is to deliver a better-connected, safer and more efficient driving experience with limited autonomous functions for parking and driving in slow-moving traffic – building on existing Ford features including Active Park Assist, Adaptive Cruise Control and Active City Stop. Many Ford vehicle’s already have the foundation of this technology and some can even be “upgraded” to offer ways to let a driver move through traffic jams in a more efficient and safe manner with the car essentially driving on auto pilot.
Within the next five to ten years, Ford will introduce semi-autonomous driving technology including driver-initiated “auto pilot” capabilities and vehicle platooning in limited situations – technologies that will provide improved safety and driver assistance features, but allow the driver to take control, if needed.
They also plan to increase interaction between individual cars on the road through utilization of ever-increasing computing power and numbers of sensors in vehicles, helping reduce the number of accidents at intersections and enabling limited semi-autonomous and autonomous highway lane changing and exiting.
And, the arrival of vehicle-to-cloud and vehicle-to infrastructure communication that contributes to greater time and energy efficiency by enabling vehicles to recommend alternative transport options when congestion is unavoidable and to pre-reserve parking at destinations.
Ford told the mobility conference, “Cars are becoming mobile communications platforms and as such, they are a great untapped opportunity for the telecommunications industry. Right now, there are a billion computing devices in the form of individual vehicles out on our roads. They’re largely unconnected from one another and the network.”
He continued, “We’ll increasingly take advantage of the car as a rolling collection of sensors to reduce congestion and help prevent accidents. I’m confident that we will see many of these advances on the road in this mid-term period because the early versions are already being designed, and in most cases, tested.”
Long term plans call for radically different transportation landscape where pedestrian, bicycle, private car, commercial and public transportation traffic will be woven into a single connected network to save time, conserve resources, lower emissions and improve safety.
This would include smart vehicles capable of fully autonomous navigation, with increased “auto pilot” operating duration, plus the arrival of autonomous valet functions, delivering effortless vehicle parking and storage. Obviously there may be many changes on the technology horizon. It’s good to see that one of America’s innovative automobile companies is at the forefront helping to set new world standards that can make driving safer, more efficient and more enjoyable for everyone.
The automobile is one of the greatest luxuries of life. After all, who really wants to use two feet when they can use four wheels and save the stress son their tender legs. With that said, a number of different car brands design fabulous cars that catch the eyes of numerous car enthusiasts. Among one of the better vehicle manufactures include Mazda. Mazda automobiles are known for their super classy style and cool little sports cars. The Mazda Miata is a one if the top little cars that Mazda makes and that people all over the world love. The ideal thing about Mazda is that they make great performance parts that can be used to make these already zippy cars even quicker.
Unlike many automobile brands that have parts that are hard to come by, Mazda performance parts can easily be found any regular automobile parts stores all across the nation and world. In an effort to provide consumers with more choices for high caliber backup parts for repairing, replacing, and customizing their Mazda’s; automobile stores are now offering an even more extensive line of Mazda parts. Some of the cool Mazda performance parts include high quality body and frame parts, car lamps, and other vehicle accessories that will dazzle the eye. They also offer intake systems, exhaust systems, breaking kits, body kits, suspension kits, and other kits and systems that are specifically designed to fit Mazda prototypes.
One of the brands that offer sport utility vehicles in the auto market is the luxury brand Land Rover. And aside from being known as the manufacturer of SUVs, this vehicle brand is also much known for the type of SUVs that it offers the market. Sure, the products under the Land Rover brand are not just any kind of SUV. They are actually remarkable and very luxurious SUVs that their products become the first choice of people who are out to purchase such a type of vehicle. And for those who would like to journey to locations far and distant, most would rather use their Land Rover SUVs for these offer them great comfort – during on road travels or even through off road adventures.
And for this season of fall, the brand would soon be bestowing its range of exemplary SUVs with more power. And the power would be coming from the two new engine options for their customers. One of the new engines is a supercharged V8 engine that has the capacity to produce a high of 400 units of horsepower. In fact, it would also be even quite surprising if the whole vehicle does get new Land Rover electrical parts, mechanical parts, or even Land Rover mechanical engine parts at that. Sure, such would actually give the vehicle a further boost in power, performance, and handling.
Aside from this, the SUVs would also be receiving a complete interior change. Take a look and you would most certainly see that the dashboard has been changed with a combination of wood and metal trims. There are also new twin glove boxes and some cup holders. The center console has also been simplified so much so that you can use it without ever having to check the car owner’s manual.
Plus, the vehicles would also be having the Land Rover Terrain Response System as a standard feature which would surely make more faces smile. You see, this marvelous system would simply let the driver turn on a knob and then choose which of the five settings would be best so as to keep the vehicle’s power train, suspension, and electric systems at top. The system would also check which should be the best type of setting during the present driving condition.
These vehicles are usually SUV’s that have been repossessed by banks because the previous owners may have defaulted on their car payments. And as these repossessed vehicles pile up in storage facilities, the only way to get rid of them and possibly for the banks to get some return on such investments is by holding public repossessed SUV auctions.
If ever you hear of some repossessed SUV auctions being held in your area, it would be a good idea for you to go there. But as with most auctions, you will need to look hard for good quality deals even in repossessed SUV auctions.
To give you an idea, an auction is usually a public sale where items are being sold to the highest bidder. That’s right. Auction deals go to the highest bidder. That means that you always have to face stiff competition with other interested bidders present in order to get the best deals.
If you want to be a serious bidder in repossessed SUV auctions always looking for the serious deal, then you need to let some of these tips work for you.
- The first practical tip when you try repossessed SUV auctions is make sure that you have enough money in the bank to back up your bid. This is also important because many auctions may require a bank draft as payment for a successful bid.
You can prepare yourself by having enough resources in your bank account if you are really looking to get a good deal that you don’t intend to get away from your grasp.
- Another good tip is to try going to the auction early. This will allow you time to check out probable deals and look for quality vehicles before any of the crowds in the auction ever develop. This will provide you with the time to list some of the vehicles that you think will be worth your bid.
- When you arrive at the auction site, be sure to bring with you a NADA Guide, a Kelley Blue Book or an Edmunds book. These books will be a very valuable resource for you at public auctions since you can get the fair market value price of used vehicles from them that will be able to guide you on your bidding strategy.
Advances in Pneumatic Tyres
Pneumatic tyres are the industry standard for all consumer vehicles. Early rubber tyres were solid, however, ever since John Dunlop designed the first pneumatic tyre in 1888, the world embraced this form of tyre, in spite of the durability of solid rubber, they were downright uncomfortable.
In approximately 455 factories around the world over 1 billion tyres are produced every year containing the same basic ingredients; rubber, carbon black and various chemicals.
Tyres are constructed on a drum and cured in a press under heat and pressure. The heat creates a polymerization reaction that links the rubber monomers and creates long elastic molecules. This allows the tyres to compress where the rubber meets the road and then reform to their original shape.
Different manufacturers uses their own compounds to deliver a combination of durability and performance. However, most tyres all start out the same way.
Tyre manufacturer Pirelli has been testing “digital tyres” on the Ferrari FXX K supercar to collect data about coefficient of friction, footprint and pavement grade. This information is then transferred to the car’s ECU and the traction control systems to optimize power delivery based on grip.
Michelin has made some very impressive developments in the longevity of tyre wear. The tire manufacturer has invented a tyre that will evolve as it wears out, preserving its road-gripping performance until the bitter end.
This new technology uses main tread grooves that get wider as they wear down, leaving plenty of space for water to still escape. The new tyres have tiny slices that expand into teardrop shapes and compensate for having shallower grooves, making the tyres safer as they age.
Self-inflating tyres for the consumer market are also being currently explored. This technology is already being used for heavy machinery and military vehicles, and uses sensors that measure the tyre pressure. If the pressure drops too low, an air compressor inflates the tyre, if the air is too high, a pressure relief valve deflates it.
Hankook has been experimenting with a tyre design that doesn’t require air. One of, if not the biggest drawbacks to pneumatic tyres has always been punctures and leaks. The new “iFlex” tyres are being made from completely eco-friendly materials.
The tyre manufacturer has been working with geometric shapes, in place of air, to offer pliable, bouncy qualities of a typical tyre. When tested for durability, hardness, stability, slalom and speed the Hankook NPT (non-pneumatic tyres) performed comparable to traditional air-filled tyres.