Petroleum oil begins to break-down almost immediately. A high quality synthetic, on the other hand, can last for many thousands of miles without any significant reduction in performance or protection characteristics. Synthetics designed from the right combination of basestocks and additives can last indefinitely with the right filtration system.
As alluded to above, the first major difference between petroleum and synthetic oil is heat tolerance. Flash point is a technical specification referenced by most oil manufacturers which is an indicator of heat tolerance.
The lower the flash point of an oil the greater tendency for that oil to suffer vaporization loss at high temperatures and to burn off on hot cylinder walls and pistons. This leads to oil thickening and deposit build-up on critical engine components.
So, the higher the flash point the better. 400 degrees F, in my opinion, is the absolute MINIMUM to prevent possible high consumption and oil thickening due to burn-off. Higher would definitely be better.
Today’s engines are expected to put out more power from a smaller size and with less oil than engines of the past. Therefore, the engines run much hotter than they used to. That puts an increased burden on the oil. Synthetics are up to the task. Petroleum oils are better than they used to be, but can still be a little overmatched. Nevertheless, even though synthetics are MUCH less prone to burn-off than are petroleum oils, there can still be a small amount of burn-off during extremely high temperature operation.
Since some motor oil “burn off” will occur whether using synthetic or petroleum oil, it becomes important to discuss the manner in which petroleum and synthetic oils burn off. Because it is a refined product and the refining process can only do so much, petroleum oil molecules are of varying sizes (the very smallest and largest of which are removed during the refining process – what is left is a smaller range of molecular sizes, but there is still significant variance in molecular size from one to another). Hence, as a petroleum oil heats up, the smaller molecules begin to burn off faster and easier than the larger molecules.
Moreover, some of those smaller molecules are actually contaminants that were left behind from the refining process. You see, when crude oil comes out of the ground it is a conglomerate of many different molecule types, a large portion of which are not useful for lubrication purposes at all. The refining process is designed to remove as much of those contaminant molecules as possible, but only so much can be done without raising the cost considerably.
As all of these smaller molecules burn, deposits and sludge are left behind to coat the inside of your engine which, obviously, reduces the efficiency of your engine and can also lead to greater heat build-up in your engine. Anytime heat increases beyond what is normal for an engine, longevity will suffer.
== Need A Heating Blanket for Your Engine?
Obviously, that would be silly, but, in some respects this is exactly what petroleum oils create inside your engine. You see, the larger molecules within your oil do not flow nearly as easily as the smaller molecules do (consider the difference in “pourability” of a heavy weight oil vs a light weight oil). Because of this, the larger molecules tend to be pushed to the “outside” of the oil stream, collecting at the surface of your engine components while the smaller molecules flow down the center of the oil stream between the larger molecules.
Thus, the larger molecules tend to “blanket” the components of your engine, trapping the heat there as opposed to pulling the heat away into the oil stream. Of course, this only exacerbates the heat problem as friction builds-up. As smaller molecules within the oil burn off, the larger, heavier petroleum oil molecules are all that is left to protect the engine. This makes the “heating blanket” effect even worse.
In contrast, synthetic oils, because they are not refined or purified from crude oil, but rather are designed within a lab for lubrication purposes, are comprised of molecules of uniform size and shape. Only the molecules that are useful to the purposes of lubrication and cooling are present within the oil, and only the molecule size that is desired for the particular viscosity being manufactured.
Therefore, even if a synthetic oil does burn a little, the remaining oil has the same chemical characteristics that it had before the burn off. There are no smaller molecules to burn-off and no heavier molecules to leave behind. No oil thickening. No “heating blanket” effect.
Moreover, synthetics contain few, if any, contaminants as compared with petroleum oils since they are not a refined product. As a result, if oil burn-off does occur, there are few, if any, contaminants left behind to leave sludge and deposits on engine surfaces. Obviously, this leads to a cleaner burning, more fuel efficient engine.
In addition, because the molecule sizes are so uniform in a synthetic oil and there is no “heating blanket” effect, synthetics do a much better job of “cooling” engine components during operation. A cooler running engine means longer engine life. AND, oil temps will often be 10 to 30 degrees cooler than with petroleum oils because the heat dissipates so much better with a synthetic. Cooler running oil means longer oil life and better protection.
The concept of hydrogen fuel cell is passing hydrogen gas (H2) through a membrane to produce electricity. However, there are some technical challenges with this kind of system. The main issue is storing of H2. Hydrogen gas has to be stored in a compressed state in a metal tank. This creates the problem of gas leakage that will endanger the driver. A solution to this issue is to use a H2 “on demand” system.
A hydrogen gas on demand system is basically using H2 generated from water to supplement gasoline fuel for a car. We know that water consists of 2 parts hydrogen and one part oxygen thus the name H2O. By attaching an electrolysis device to the SUV, H2 can be generated when power from the battery is turn on. The hydrogen gas generated can than be released into the engine air intake system to be mixed with conventional gasoline in the combustion chambers. The system can be switched on when the car is moving and switched off when it is idle. This will prevent any additional H2 gas produced from escaping into the car.
It has been tested and proven, by supplementing hydrogen gas into a SUV engine, it will improve gas mileage. This is because H2 is three times more potent than fossil fuel. The good news is to convert a SUV to use hydrogen fuel cell is not difficult. Anyone with some car maintenance skill can do it. All you have to do is to buy a step by step instructional guide and invest around $150 on parts and components for the project.
Choosing the most suitable motor oil for your car is the aspect that should not be disregarded. This is because not all the oil types fit one and the same vehicle and some of them may even affect the way the auto will function. There are a few important questions you need to answer before shopping for the best engine oil brand. These questions concern the type of the vehicle you own, its age, manufacturer’s guidelines and the weather conditions that prevail in your location.
To start with, it is essential to recollect the type of engine oil you have been using before. If you have never inquired about this issue or if this is the first time you have to change the motor oil, then it makes sense to find out what engine oil you used before. Having found that out, analyze how exactly your car functioned when you used the oil. If everything was all right and you didn’t have to fix the engine problems, then you don’t have to look for another motor oil.
The next point that is worth consideration is checking the type of oil recommended by the manufacturer. This is especially true if you own a new vehicle, which comes with the warranty. In this case, changing the oil is not allowed. Otherwise, the manufacturer may not repair the car for free in case of necessity.
If your car is not new, this means that its engine may be worn. As a result, the parts of the engine may become smaller, forming space between them. To fill this space, you will need think oil, so find out more about heavy single-weight oil brands that will fit your car most of all.
Finally, it makes sense to take into account the weather conditions that prevail in your location. Thus, if you live in the mountainous area, where the temperature changes are extreme, then it is better to purchase multi-weight types of oil, which are allowed to be used under any temperature regimes. Pay attention to the “W” index, which reflects the way the oil “behaves” in hot and cold weather. The higher this index is, the worse the oil works in autumn and in winter, when it is too cold outside. Keep that in mind.
Different motor oil types are manufactured for various purposes. To select the one that meets your requirements and needs, you have to understand the essence of such notions as the viscosity ratings, classification codes and oil additives. Let us have a closer look at each notion.
Each type of oil has specific viscosity rating that shows how the oil flows in the engine. With regard to this aspect, customers choose between two popular types of oil – single- and multi-viscosity oils. The prevailing amount of vehicles run on the second type of oil, because it can be used under any temperature conditions. Actually, the higher the viscosity index is, the thicker the oil proves to be and the worse flow capability it has. As a rule, the first number in the combination signifies the way the oil flows during the autumn-winter season, while the second number shows the way it flows under the hot temperatures in spring and summer. If you don’t know the most suitable viscosity index for your automobile, consult the manufacturer or the manual that comes with the vehicle.
Speaking about the oil additives, they are required to ensure the best engine performance. They contribute to the way the engine is cooled and cleaned by the oil. In high quality engines, the cost of the oil additives constitutes over 25% of the overall cost of the oil.
All types of motor oil have unique classification codes that reveal the levels of engine protection and economy of the fuel they ensure. The popular oil classification codes include: the API starburst label, the API donut label for diesel motor oil and the API donut label for gasoline motor oil. You should select the one, which fits your vehicle.
Getting your SUV perfectly cleaned on a local car wash is a great idea. However, the only drawback of it is the cost that you would be spending in a car wash. Why go to a car wash if you could clean your wheels by yourself, right? So here are some few guides in effective cleaning and maintenance of your vehicle’s wheels and tires.
Before we proceed to the cleaning session, first you should know the factors that made your wheels and tires unpleasant. Whenever you use your SUV for a long travel or even in a short trip, dust particles attack the surface of your wheels. Other unwanted dirt on your wheels and tires include road tars, mud, and different soil crumbs. Acid rain and winter salt are effective destroyers that can make your wheels brittle.
Cleaning your wheels and tires is actually the first step in car washing. You should first select a certain cleaner for your wheels and tires. There are a lot of cleaning agents out in the market today but you should choose the safest and most effective cleaning agent for your wheels and tires. Some cleaning agent contains a high level of acidity and can easily damage your wheels. Acid-free cleaners are effective cleaning agents that are commonly used by car wash shops. The most common cleaner is the household detergent because you can find it anywhere in your kitchen, or toilette, of course. Not only that, detergent is also effective and is the safest cleaner because it does not contain any harmful ingredients that can affect your car. Wheels and tires of SUVs are much larger and broader than other vehicles so the cleaning process most likely will take longer compared to sedans.
Now let us start with the cleaning process. First, you should check your tires for road dirt and mud. If you found one, then scrape it with any hard object you can find in your place, but be careful not to scratch your tires so hard. Dilute your chosen cleaner in a bucket of water and then start brushing your tires. The grooves of your tires are the most susceptible to mud and road tars. Brush it effectively. After cleaning your tires, proceed to the wheels. Rinse the brush that you had used in your tires and start brushing your wheels in up and down motion. Pretty easy, right? You should actually clean your wheels and tires once a month for maintenance.
Mechanics and writers have worked together to give both a reputable and intelligible account on car operations. The Volvo REPAIR MANUAL contains details of car construction, maintenance, and repair guides. It is a comprehensive source of service information and car specifications, contrary to the manual’s restrictive title. More than repair guides, fundamental automotive concepts form a considerable portion of the Volvo REPAIR MANUAL, making troubleshooting and repair instructions not a lemming-like procedure. Available in soft covers and with editions measuring 8″X11,” the Volvo REPAIR MANUAL makes car information handy.
Subjects range from car engine operations to troubleshooting techniques and tool use. A footnote to model specs is the recommended car maintenance schedules tailor-fitted for specific Volvo makes. The bulk of the Volvo REPAIR MANUALS focuses on the emission control and engine management systems of the Volvo. This includes the car’s fuel injection system, breaker-less electronic ignition, Charge Air Pressure Control System, automatic and manual transmissions (including overdrives) and detailed procedures and specifications for four- and five-speed Volvo manual transmission overhaul. Also covered are Volvo engine systems that run on after market and performance parts, including but not limited toLH-Jetronic fuel injection (from LH 2.0, to 2.2, 2.4, and 3.1 versions), K-Jetronic, and EZ116 K.
For the more difficult repair procedures, texts are accompanied by diagrams and illustrations. The Volvo provides a clear picture of how repairs are ideally done: from valve clearances adjustments to heater blower replacements, suspension bushings restoration, and water pump replacement. Additionally, electrical wirings of the Volvo power drive are diagrammed, along with an illustrated troubleshooting and circuit description, including fuse, relay, and component locations. With the easy-to-understand illustrations of car operations in the Volvo REPAIR MANUAL, car maintenance appears elementary.
On the maintenance part of the Volvo REPAIR MANUAL, detailed are the useful factory tolerances, wear limits, adjustments and tightening torque specifications of critical maintenance items like stock brake lining, radiator, strut mount bushings, constant velocity boots, actuators, spark plug, and spark plug wires, among others. In cross-reference to this portion is the lowdown on car care and parts preservation that can allow you to save up on replacements.
The Ford Escape is a sport utility vehicle that is good on the road, small and very affordable. This vehicle offers agile handling, a smooth ride, and the ability to take in under its roof a maximum of four passengers. Combined with an optional V6 engine, the Ford Escape provides brisk acceleration. It also sports rear seats that could be folded down flat so as to reveal a flat and moderately sized cargo area.
Comparing the Ford Escape to other compact SUVs, this vehicle is very much wider and has a well-planted stance. It has a forward-poised stance, large wheel lips, a wide body cladding, and integrated bumper guards. Adding a sporting appeal to the Ford Escape is its short front and rear. The Ford Escape looks bolder and more aggressive than the Honda CR-V. As per this sport utility vehicle’s interior, it is very much spacious. It holds front seats that are nearly as generous in space as the Ford Explorer. It also has low door sills and wide door openings that make entry and exit easy. The instrument panel is very straightforward and holds instruments white in color. For easy driver access and reach while drive, the audio system, heating system, ventilation, and air conditioning controls have been mounted in the center stack and angled slightly towards the driver. As per the power window and lock switches, they have been illuminated so as to facilitate an easier find and access.
When driven, the Ford Escape offers responsive handling and brisk acceleration performance. It has a relatively taut suspension that is very much unlike the slack characteristic that larger SUVs contain. This vehicle also boasts a responsive steering. The driver of the Ford Escape is given a sense of control. An additional plus for this vehicle is that its tires has the capacity to grip respectively in paved corners, thus providing a quick, yet smooth driving for everyone. The brakes of the Ford Escape also are smooth and responsive.
Installing the cold air intake may seem like a big feat to some, but its really quite simple. To start off open your hood and get accustom to your engine bay. You should fine a big black box that connects to your intake manifold. This is your aem air filter. You need to remove this, by unscrewing any screws that hold it in place. Then, you unclamp the tube that connects to your intake manifold.
You should then be able to remove your OEM air intake. Make sure to disconnect any wires that may be connect from your old air intake to the engine. On most sport compact cars, there is a plug that plugs from the OEM air intake to the intake manifold. You will want to remove this plug and pull out the whole air box. There may be additional pieces of the air box in the engine bay. These also need to be removed too.
After the OEM air intake is removed, take your new AEM cold air intake of the box and get acquainted with the pieces. There should be a air filter, intake tubing, some clamps, some hoses, and some screws. Since it’s a cold air intake, you want to install from outward to inward. This means, that since your air intake will be outside your engine bay, you need to install this first.
Grab the cold air intake tube, and run it through the hole that runs into your wheel well. Now grab your AEM air filter and connect it to the tube, so the air filter is in the engine bay. On some cars, you may have to remove the front bumper, or most likely, the mud guard in your wheel well. Screw the clamp down so your AEM air filter is securely connect to the AEM V2 intake tube. Now you can put your bumper or your mud guard back on.
Now moving back to the engine bay, its time to hook the AEM intake tube to the intake manifold. Since, the AEM V2 cold air intakes are designed specifically for each car model, there should be no custom work needed. Grab a clamp and connect the other end of the intake tube to the intake manifold. Your AEM V2 Cold air intake is pretty much installed. Now, you grab the hose that came with the AEM intake and connect one side to the inlet on the intake tube. The other side connects to the intake manifold. There should be an open inlet from the OEM intake, right by where the intake tube connect to the intake manifold.
Recyclers offer consumers great deals when they are looking for used car parts. The thing is, people might think that this is a bad idea, but the truth is there are so many recyclers around, it is amazing. The other great thing about these recyclers is that their prices are hard to beat. You will always find one beating the other, so look around. The reason for this is that insurance companies save lots of money when they pass wrecked vehicles down to junk yards.
Buying recycled parts is good, because when these parts are purchased, the pollution from manufacturing new parts is prevented. Manufactures use a lot of oil when making new parts and this is saved when recycling. Reusing the raw materials can be a benefit to the environment, and when you go out and find your recycled vehicle part, there are many places that you can go to in order to get them. Statistics have shown that there are over 4 million vehicles recycled each year in the United States, and that makes tons of vehicle parts available to you.
Recycling parts can save a lot of space when it comes to landfilling, and why should something that can be used again be thrown away? That is money being thrown away. Also, the other reason why you should consider used car parts is that you are purchasing quality parts that were manufactured by their original manufacturer. Recyclers have the skill when it comes to determining damaged parts and those that can be reused.
It is true: used parts can save plenty of money, and it is clear that this is by far the cheapest alternative available to you. The one question many people has it this: are we getting the same quality? That is a good question. Today, many recyclers supply warranties on parts. This means that you will not be buying a potato. Another advantage is that recyclers are much faster when it comes to a specific part you are looking for compared to many dealers. Their businesses run on a network and this allows them to communicate with other recyclers. If a recycler does not have the part you are looking for, there is a great chance that they will find it immediately.
The military takes good care of its vehicles, so you can get a really good deal buying a military surplus vehicle, regardless of whether you want a Jeep, car, or truck. In fact, you may also be able to purchase surplus motorcycles, airplanes, or helicopters. The military is constantly replacing its vehicles and there is a steady turnover of each type of military surplus vehicle.
It is not uncommon for these military vehicles to have all kinds of new technology perks in them. The military gets bulk discounts when they contract for vehicles and all of the vehicles have to meet whatever the requirements of the users will be, so most of them will either come completely without features or with all available upgrades installed. The military doesn’t worry too much about how much they sell the vehicles for, only that the vehicles are sold at what people are willing to pay when the vehicles need to be cleared from inventory.
The military is starting to catch up to the technology of the day, with military surplus vehicles and equipment being sold at online auctions. The disadvantage for the buyer is that the vehicle cannot be pre-inspected. However, the military is not out to scam anyone, they try to let you know if there are any known problems with the vehicle on the auction website.
On the other hand, if you live in the vicinity of a large military base, you may be able to attend one of their live military surplus vehicle auctions. In this case you will be able to look over the military surplus vehicle first, before you decide to bid. You can either watch for advertisements of these auctions, which isn’t usually done very prominently, or you can call the base and try to get information about it and when they hold auctions.
It is not hard to find military surplus vehicle auctions. It is about like looking for anything else on the Web. Your average search engine will bring up plenty of military surplus auction options. Check them out. See which ones seem to carry the types of vehicles or equipment you may be interested in purchasing. Don’t jump right in and purchase, but watch the auctions for a few weeks and see what a good auction price is and how the auctions seem to progress. This will help you bid more wisely.